Alberta continues to have a revenue problem

Mark Anielski April 2, 2015, Published on April 3, 2015 as “Jim Prentice missed a golden opportunity with this year’s budget”

I had the pleasure of meeting the new Premier Jim Prentice at the November 2014 Premier’s dinner in Red Deer. As he spoke about his passion and vision for Alberta, I sensed that he may become the next Peter Lougheed of Alberta.

I was hoping that Prentice’s kitchen-table cabinet would have the vision of making the most of Alberta’s incredible natural assets. Alberta’s oilsands reserves of roughly 168 billion barrels are worth $8.2 trillion based on a conservative US$50 per barrel of oil. At current rates of production of 2.1 million barrels per day, Alberta’s oilsands will provide 215 years of production benefit.

This week’s budget was disappointing because Prentice missed an important opportunity to open a new chapter in Alberta’s economic future by being as bold as Peter Lougheed was in the 1970s when he brought in a oil and gas royalty regime that collected a fair share of industry revenues while at the same time saving 30% of more of those revenues in Alberta’s Heritage Savings Fund.

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Let’s Measure What Matters to Well-being: Interview with John McKnight and Peter Block (Abundant Communities)

On December 2, 2014 I had the pleasure of joining my mentors Peter Block and John McKnight (co-authors of the book The Abundant Community) in an interview to discuss the practical steps in building flourishing neighbourhoods and cities of well-being.


You can listen to the interview at:

In 1968 Robert Kennedy critiqued the Gross National Product (GNP) as a flawed measure of progress; he noted that the GNP measures everything (in money terms) “except that which makes worth while.” Our work is motivated by Kennedy’s challenge: to develop a new system for “measuring what matters”  in terms of our well-being and happiness.

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Is the world on the verge of another financial crisis?

Is the world on the verge of another financial crisis?:
debt time bomb What Britain’s most famous bank whistleblower can teach us.


December 4, 2014

In October I journeyed to London to visit with my new friend Paul Moore, the so-called ‘HBOS Whistleblower.’ In 2004, Paul a corporate lawyer and former risk manager at the UK bank HBOS (Halifax Bank of Scotland), the largest mortgage bank in the UK at the time. Paul came to public attention as a whistleblower in the banking crisis of late 2008 as a result of having been dismissed from his position as head of the bank’s financial risk management in 2004 after warning his employers that they were taking excessive risks. This was at a time before the banking crisis of 2008 when Lehman Brothers collapsed and the US stock market plunged 777 points on September 30, 2008.

Paul ultimately demonstrated that the risks to HBOS and the entire financial system of England were, indeed, real. As he admitted to me ‘I was just doing my job to protect the bank against systemic risk!’ Paul blew his ‘risk alert’ whistle for he saw that HBOS was in danger of collapse and was ultimately forced into a merger with RBS (Royal Bank of Scotland) in 2008, which in turn was ultimately bailed out by a multi-billion-pound infusion of capital from the UK Treasury.

Both HBOS and the UK financial sector ignored Paul’s risk warnings in 2004 and in 2008.

I asked Paul: Do you believe anything has changed in terms of financial risk since the HBOS and Lehman Brothers crisis of 2008? He answered unequivocally: No!

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How Canada’s Wetlands Provide Genuine Value to the Well-being of Canadians.

How Canada’s Wetlands Provide Genuine Value to the Well-being of Canadians.

July 8, 2014

Most of us take nature for granted. In economic terms we effectively ignore the benefits that nature preport cover pagerovides us including clean water, clean air, healthy soil for growing food, vibrant forests for building our homes and many ecological services that nature provides without any monetary charge to us.

Wetlands which are arguably one of the most important natural assets in Canada providing important ecological services that include clean water, a massive carbon bank account, protection against flooding, and habitat for ducklings and other animals.

Yet governments, businesses, conservation organizations, and communities across Canada have no idea how important these wetlands and natural assets are, because, they are not formally counted in our economic accounts, like the GDP (gross domestic product), nor is there any accounting of wetlands as ‘natural assets’ on municipal, provincial, national and corporate balance sheets.

I have an accounting and economics background and I can tell you that you can’t run a business without a balance sheet that shows the assets and liabilities of the enterprise. Yet, we operate our nation, our provinces and our cities without any balance sheet and with no knowledge of how natural capital assets, like wetlands, deliver well-being benefits to society.

Last week Ducks Unlimited Canada released the first report of its kind on the real value of Canada’s wetlands and how they deliver a genuine well-being impact to the lives of all Canadians.  The report is titled A Genuine Return on Investment: The Economic and Societal Well-being Value of Land Conservation in Canada, prepared by my company (Anielski Management Inc.) and my associates who are ecological economists.

The report establishes a strong ‘business case’ for the conservation of wetlands and other natural lands in Canada demonstrating how their conservation contributes to a what I call a Well-being Return on Investment to society.

Benefits for DUC reportIn our study we demonstrated that one federal or provincial government dollar invested in wetland conservation by Ducks Unlimited on January 1st of the year will return full-cycle back to government coffers on July 17th of the same year. We also calculated that for every $1 invested in the conservation programs of Ducks Unlimited Canada, Canadians receive about $22 in benefits. The benefits of Ducks Unlimited $93.5 million average annual expenditures (2008-2012) resulted in 969 jobs and $59.6 million in salaries,  $77.1 billion in GDP benefits, tax revenues to governments, $208 million per year in nature-related recreation benefits and $4.27 billion worth of unpriced ecological services. By any measure, that’s an impressive return on investment for conserving the value of some of Canada’s most important assets.

The report is important for several reasons. First, it establishes the accounting protocols for measuring the true value of natural assets like wetlands to society. Second, it shows conservation organizations like Ducks Unlimited or the Nature Conservancy of Canada, how to legitimately ‘book’ natural assets on their respective balance sheets (something they have not done until now). This allows them to demonstrate to donors and government funders that conserving these natural assets is in the long-term economic, ecological and societal interests of all Canadians. Third, this study shows how resource companies and governments can begin to account for natural capital as assets in their respective accounting and performance measurement systems. The benefit is that we can make better investment decisions about how to make the best use of Canada’s abundant natural capital assets by measuring what matters most to our well-being.

Ducks Unlimited Canada has set an important precedence in natural capital accounting. By protecting wetland habitats for ducklings they have also securing significant well-being benefits to all Canadians, with a return on investment that would make all of us feel good, especially the ugly ducklings.

It’s time we started measuring what matters most to our well-being, starting with accounting for the genuine value that nature provides daily, free of charge.

Mark Anielski is an ecological economist and president of Anielski Management Inc., which completed the report A Genuine Return on Investment: The Economic and Societal Well-being Value of Land Conservation in Canada.

Download the executive summary of the report:

14-03-31 DUC – A Genuine Return on Investment – Exec Summary


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Let’s Measure What Matters to Well-being

Let’s go beyond GDP and Start Measuring What Matters to our Well-being and Happiness 

Between 1995 and 1998 I was working as a senior economic advisor to former Alberta Treasurer Jim Dinning as part of a team at Alberta Treasury that implemented Alberta’s new government accountability system under Dinning’s mantra of ‘what gets measured, gets managed.’ We called that initiative Measuring Up.

It was a good start to begin measuring what matters most to the quality of life of Albertans. But we failed to ask Albertans about what they loved about living and working in our province. Therefore we weren’t sure we were measuring what actually mattered to the well-being and happiness of Albertans. We never asked their perceptions and expectations of their financial well-being, their health, their trust of neighbour, their perceptions of government, and their perceptions of our natural environment. In short, we were not measuring what matters most to the ‘genuine’ well-being and progress of Alberta.


In May of 2012, my colleagues, Robert McGarvey, Bill Craig and Dominic Mishio, set out with a mission to ‘measure what matters’  to well-being of individuals, enterprises, communities and nations using a new well-being-based measurement and accountability system we call Genuine Wealth.

We believe that changing the way we measure and manage our progress should be focused on a well-being-bottom-line going beyond the current short-term focus on GDP and quarterly profits. After all, life is more than simply making money. It’s about living a life of purpose and meaning; feeling a sense of flourishing, joy and hope.

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